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Triac Switch

Why

Because I needed to switch a bank of five monitors (three flat-panels, two CRTs) from one switch. I originally used a 12-volt relay, but that turned out to be suboptimal; the inrush current for all five power supplies was so high the relay contacts tended to get welded together and occassionally required a swift tap to disconnect, gradually degrading until they had to be replaced. As solid-state devices tend to have much higher peak current capabilities, after wasting the third relay I decided to replace the whole design.

What

The unit is just a simple triac switch using a BT138 triac, with an optoisolator calculated to handle 5 to 12 volts. Future upgrade to USB control is thus possible without modification of parts values.

The unit lacks a snubber. This was omitted due to the capacitive nature of the load. Transients on the mains may open the triac momentarily. The unit is however connected through a transient suppressor, and problems of this nature were not observed so far, except for moments when the power is switched on after a blackout and the coupled capacitance causes a transient that momentarily opens the triac.

TODO

Images


Outside view, top

Outside view, side

Outside view, top-side

Inside view

Inside view

Low-voltage part, detail

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